Air pollution is the main concern among health issues mainly in children. The toxic smog and pollutants affect both kids and adults. Air pollution causes cardiovascular and respiratory diseases among adult and elderly people. The children whose vital organs are developing are at the maximum risk. The life of a person is cut down by 15-16 months due to increasing pollution.
The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) reports that Air pollution can permanently harm a kid’s brain. The report further continues that Air pollution is at least six times higher than international limits (10 micrograms per cubic meter) in areas of south Asia where large numbers of children are present.12.2 million babies live in densely polluted areas of South Asia.
Lung Infection in Children:
Young children have small nasal cavities. So they often breathe through their mouth. Now the dust and smog can enter the chest cavities leading to respiratory ailments like Asthma and bronchitis. The dust particles easily cover the kid’s hand while playing. Now the dust particles enter the digestive system while eating and settle.
Brain Problem in Children:
Another shocking discovery is that the toxic gas inhaled results in developmental delays, lower intelligence, behavioral problems, and ADHD. There are several ways by which the brain is affected. The membrane that protects the brain from toxic substances is damaged causing neuro-inflammation. Neurodegenerative disease is caused by magnetite, a pollutant.
Cities like Delhi, Beijing, London chokes in air pollution due to mass population increment as well as industrialization. The fumes from the automobiles, industrial chimneys release poisonous carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter to add woes. These pollutants can cross-border affecting neighbouring cities as well as countries.
Using the latest technologies, air pollution is controlled in automobiles, industries etc. Many pharmaceutical companies like GlaxoSmithKline, Merck & Co. Inc., AstraZeneca plc, and Roche Holdings Ltd are coming up with advanced medicines to control Asthma, bronchitis and improve brain development including ADHD. The government is also making stringent policies to control air pollution.