Chronic constipation is a common condition that almost everyone goes through, but it is most likely in older people. Symptoms, as an irregular stool and difficult stool passage for more than three months, are warning bells for bowel irrigation. The introduction of water in the lower colon via anus evacuate the feces from the colon and rectum. Although, the irrigation does not limit to constipation but neurological disorders such as spinal cord injury, Parkinson’s disease, and multiple sclerosis.
How Does it Work?
The therapy is quite popular in Europe to treat bowel dysfunction. The treatment involves instilling water into the colon from the anus using a Bowel Irrigationor cone device. The attachment through a plastic tube to an irrigation bag that holds up to 2 liters or a low volume system with a hand pump and a cone is used. The low volume systems irrigate 70 ml, and high volume waters up to 2 liters. Typically, the standard requirement of water is 0.5-1.5 liters, although patients vary in the volume of irrigation and frequency. Irrigation is a success in treating adults and children suffering from neurogenic constipation and fecal incontinence. The therapy and its mechanism of action include simple mechanical washout of feces and colonic movement simulation.
Is it Different from Enema?
Enema is a procedure that includes the insertion of formulated liquid up to 5 ml into the colon and rectum. The colonic irrigation is not so different from an enema except for it pumps 70 ml – 2 liters. For a course of the session, 40-50 liters of warm water pumped in the colon and rectum.
Bowel Irrigation: Are There Any Risks?
Intestinal perforation, hepatitis B and C, minerals, and electrolyte imbalance, bacterial line removal in the colon are some risks associated with colon irrigation. No evidence suggests bowel irrigation effective, and it may cause severe risks. However, if you wish to undergo colon irrigation therapy, you must re-consider with your Gastroenterologist.