The carbon footprint for telecommunication technologies growing at an unsustainable rate. The Internet of Things will accelerate the trend further in the coming years. According to recent reports, telecommunication’s share of global emission to double by 2020. Also, the global use of the internet will grow by 30 % to 40 % per year. As a result, it is more likely ICT will consume about 60% of global energy resources.
Green ICT – A Multidisciplinary Effort
Green ICT is the practice of using computers and telecommunication in a way to maximize positive environmental benefits. The benefits include less e-waste, fewer virgin resources, lower energy costs among others. Currently, sustainability, climate change, and “green” processes have become an important aspect for the policymakers and regulators worldwide. Policymakers are continuously working on strategies that may contribute to the creation of sustainable, green, and energy-efficient industries.
Climate Action Summit in New York
In 2019, the Climate Action Summit in New York and the COP25 conference was held in Madrid to outline a new environmental agenda. To manage the carbon footprint of the ICT industry, the ITU has established a new Focus Group on Environmental Efficiency for Artificial Intelligence and other Emerging Technologies. The group will raise awareness throughout 2020 about the environmental impacts of frontier technologies on a global platform. Moreover, the group will investigate the ability of AI and emerging technologies contributing to the achievement of the sustainable development goals and the objectives laid out in the Paris agreement.
ITUs Plan for Coming Years
ITU is planning to work hand in hand with the ICT industry to reduce carbon footprint. Also, it is planning to develop international standards. Moreover, it is extending its focus on smart cities, data centers, and e-waste management. The Secretary-General, ITU expressed the need for the regulatory process to ensure the most favorable outcomes for all.