Coronavirus -Things You must Know

By | March 4, 2020

Coronavirus is a large family of viruses that causes illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle-east Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). But the virus that has killed people in China and currently spread to more than 70 countries is a novel strain COVID-19.  

Mode of Transmission

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it mainly spread from person to person who is in close contact with one another (within 6 feet ). Also through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Another possible way of getting infected is, by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their mouth, nose or possibly their eyes.      

Symptoms of Novel Coronavirus

Symptoms of COVID-19 are non-specific and the disease presentation can range from no symptoms to severe pneumonia and death. Typical symptoms include fever, dry cough, fatigue, shortness of breath, sore throat, headache chills, nausea or vomiting, nasal congestion, and diarrhea  

Who are at risk of getting infected?

People aged over 60 years and those who are suffering from hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease or cancer. There is no evidence that children are at high risk.  To date, most confirmed cases of COVID -19 have been reported to have occurred in adults.  From Chine, there have been very few reports of the clinical outcomes for children with COVID-19 to date.  

Myths surrounding Coronavirus -19

Myth # 1. Hand dryers effective in killing the new coronavirus Truth: hand dryers are not effective in killing the novel coronavirus Myth# 2. Ultraviolet disinfection lamp is effective in killing the new coronavirus Truth: UV lamps are not useful in killing the new virus.   Myth # 3. Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over the body kills the new virus. Truth: Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body won’t kill viruses that have already entered. Myth # 4 vaccines against pneumonia protect against the new coronavirus Truth: The answer is no. Vaccines do not provide against the new coronavirus including the Pneumococcal Vaccine and Haemophilus Influenza Type n (Hib) Vaccine. Myth # 5 Garlic help prevent infection with the new coronavirus Truth: No evidence eating garlic has protected people from the new coronavirus.

Precautionary Measures

  1. Wash your hands for 20 seconds with soap and water
  2. Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze, and disinfect the objects and surfaces you touch
  3. Touching of eyes, nose, and mouth must be avoided.

Meanwhile in India

India has imposed “some restrictions “and precautions in accordance with the world health organization.

Restriction:

Export of 26 active pharmaceutical Ingredients and formulations including antibiotics, vitamins, and hormones like Paracetamol, Tinidazole, Metronidaxole, Vitamin B1, B6, B12, hormone progesterone, with immediate effect by the government of India. 15 labs are functional to test the novel coronavirus and 19 more will be made operational.Delhi – Manesar camp already operating Mumbai- Kasturba hospital and Pune’s Naidu hospital dedicated to suspected patients Karnataka –Districts of Dakshina Kannada, Kodagu, Chamarajnagar and Mysuru have been put under novel coronavirus surveillance. Mizoram– a facility at Zokhawthar Manipur Five centers in a different border town and at the Imphal international airport

Treatment:

No specific antiviral treatment recommended for COVID -19      

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